Damien Renault

Architect EPFL, graduate of the I.E.P. of Paris. Publications: Caroline Maniaque and Damien Renault, eds, L'Architecte médiateur. Discourses et pratiques de conseil, participation et médiation, Thonon: l'Éclosoir, 2020; "La Méthode illustrée de création architecturale de Claire et Michel Duplay. Combinatoire et réforme de l'enseignement", in Caroline Maniaque, ed. in Les Années 68 et la formation des architectes, Rouen: Point de vues, ATE, pp. 126-139, 2018; "Jacques Kalisz, Roger Salem et l'école d'architecture de Nanterre. Combinatoire et réforme de l'enseignement', in Guy Lambert and Éléonore Marantz, eds, Les Écoles d'architecture en France depuis 1950. Architectures manifestes, Geneva: MétisPresses, 2018, p. 119-136.

ENSA Normandie

Title of the thesis: La formation des élus locaux à l'architecture ou l'architecture comme éducation politique

Thesis director: Caroline Maniaque
Attaching laboratory: Architecture Territory Environment (ENSA Normandie) / ED 556 HSRT
Funding: Ministry of Culture, BRAUP
Date of 1st thesis registration: 2018

The Bloche report and then the National Strategy for Architecture proposed in 2014 and 2015 to train local elected representatives in architecture. However, in the exercise of their powers, they already encounter a wide variety of advisory and awareness-raising situations, in contact with various advisory architects and mediators, such as, in particular, the State's advisory architects, the advisory architects of the CAUEs or the project management assistants.
With a view to professionalizing elected officials and the consulting architects they deal with, the research therefore focuses on a corpus of consulting and awareness-raising situations, proposing to define the needs these situations meet and the conditions under which they prove to be formative: a didactic analysis of the practical and theoretical issues, leading to a consideration of the exercise of urban planning and public contracting as political education(i.e. as education of politicians in politics, of elected officials in the object of their mandate).

Lemans Carole

Carole Lemans

A DE architect, having obtained a doctoral contract in January 2019, Carole Lemans is pursuing her research around bio-sourced materials, attached to the ATE laboratory of ENSA Normandie EA 7464 / ED 556 HSRT (Normandie University). She is involved in research seminars [S7-S8-S9], in Fabrique Échelle 1 [S7], TD Project Workshop [S03] and in CM Produire penser [S8].

Title of the thesis: Le roseau, un matériau bio-sourcé, Un savoir-faire traditionnel réactualisé à l'aube d'une architecture éco-responsable

Thesis director: François Fleury
Thesis co-supervisor: François Streiff
Attaching laboratory: Architecture Territory Environment (ENSA Normandie) / ED 556 HSRT
Funding: Ministry of Culture, BRAUP
Date of 1st thesis registration: 2019

We wish to understand the contexts favourable to the reappearance of thatch. To do so, we call upon a technical and sensitive theoretical analysis in order to identify the ruptures and continuities with our vernacular heritage. The potential of a material resource and its expressive qualities allow us to observe the facts and discourses of contemporary architectural production. From there, we shift from the potential of thatch architecture to that of reed architecture, as a hypothesis for a richer exploitation in the light of our observations. Our research is again based on the study of the architectural project, an observable object, by questioning more precisely the design processes necessary for this technical emancipation to thatch. However, we also use the project as a tool to evaluate our intentions, and we observe the conditions and trajectories necessary for their success. This thesis project was intuitively equipped with an observation of concrete facts and field experience. We note a probationary process as a guiding thread in our research.

Raphaël Rattier

Raphaël Rattier graduated with a research mention from ENSA Normandie in 2018. Until January 2019, he is working as an architect in Basel, Switzerland. In November 2019, he starts a PhD at ATE, partly funded by the Ministry of Culture and the Parc Naturel Régional (PNR) des Marais du Cotentin et Bessin, in the framework of the Interreg' CobBauge programme. Today, Raphaël Rattier teaches at ENSA Normandie in the shared TPCAU/STA classes as well as in the research initiation seminar.

ENSA Normandie

Title of the thesis: Designing with timber today: a contribution to the renewal of contemporary architecture

Thesis Director: François Fleury
Attaching laboratory: Architecture Territory Environment (ENSA Normandie) / ED 556 HSRT
Funding: Ministry of Culture, BRAUP/PNRMCB
Date of 1st thesis registration: 2019

Raphaël Rattier's research focuses on an ancient technique that is re-emerging in contemporary architecture: bauge. Drawn from vernacular know-how, this technique combines raw earth and fibres to form monolithic load-bearing structures. In a context of revalorization of ancient materials and techniques, the main objective of this thesis is to explore the design methods of architects integrating cob in their projects, as well as the architectural forms emerging from this re-emergence. Associated with the CobBauge Interreg project, this research is based on an international fieldwork and is supported by the experimental construction of a pavilion made of logs. In addition, CobBauge offers an important network of researchers from other disciplines, but also practising architects, engineers and craftsmen. This pathway allows the link between practice and thought to be explored. The research methods thus focus on two areas: tools and processes of exploration centred on project practice and architectural design; and an exploration of cobblestones today, the constitution of the cobblestone sector, the figures attached to it, and the phenomena that emerge from it. The long-term objective of this work is to provide architects with tools for reflection on their use of materials.

ENSA Normandie

Félix Pareja

After graduating in 2016 with honours from ENSA Normandie, Félix Pareja founded Slow Architecture Studio in Caen. He has been a temporary TPCAU teacher since 2017 at ENSA Normandie, in S02 with G. Ramillien, then in S03 with F. Saunier. An architect, scenographer and stage manager, Félix Pareja worked for two years at the Pavillon in Caen, a place for the mediation of architecture, before starting his thesis on playful pedagogies and the transmission of architecture through play. The researcher works in collaboration with Territoires Pionniers - Maison de l'Architecture Normandie, which provides him with a field of experimentation.

Title of the thesis: Les pédagogies ludiques de l'architecture, transmission et appropriation par le jeu

Thesis director: Bruno Proth
Attaching laboratory: Architecture Territory Environment (ENSA Normandie) / ED 556 HSRT
Funding: Ministry of Culture, BRAUP / Normandy Region, RIN
Date of 1st thesis registration: 2019

The thesis project places at the heart of its interests the questions of pedagogy(s) and more specifically concerns the playful pedagogies of architecture. After having carried out the state of the art, the research is nourished by the experimentation of models and innovative tools in this field. We question the relevance of these pedagogies and their effectiveness with citizens-inhabitants, schoolchildren and architecture students. The project aims to contribute to the requirements of quality of transmission imposed on us by the environmental, economic and social crises, to which architecture must respond, on the one hand by the excellence and training of its professionals, but also by the involvement of its users and clients. This involvement requires the reinforcement of the means, tools and know-how for the transmission and appropriation of architecture, and our research work aims to contribute to this objective. The thesis aims, through the interrogation of pedagogies and their expertise, to participate in the democratization of architecture, in order to facilitate the taming by all of our common living environment.

Gabriel Bernard Guelle

Gabriel Bernard Guelle is an architect-engineer who graduated from ENSA Paris-la-Villette and the Ecole spéciale des travaux publics (2018). After defending a thesis on the teaching of David Georges Emmerich (2018), he is starting a thesis at ENSA Normandie on the teaching of construction in architecture schools between the 1940s and 1990s (2020). In this context, he participated in the production of the travelling exhibition "Mai 68. Architecture too! (co-curated by C. Maniaque) and is involved in the master's seminar "History, Theory, Criticism and Mediation of Architecture" at ENSA Normandie.


Title of the thesis: The teaching of construction in schools of architecture between the 1920s and 1970s. Definition and reform of the architect's relationship to technology and engineering

Thesis director: Caroline Maniaque
Thesis co-supervisor: Christel Palant-Frappier
Attached laboratory: Architecture Territory Environment (ENSA Normandie) / ED 556 HSRT
Funding: Ministry of Culture, BRAUP
Date of 1st thesis registration: 2020

The thesis has a triple objective. Firstly, it intends to retrace the history of the teaching of construction in schools of architecture in the second half of the 20th century in order to understand and shed light on the criticism made of it. Secondly, it is interested in the pedagogies of construction education, which it studies precisely in order to understand their specificities with respect to the education provided in engineering schools. Finally, it plans to carry out a comparative study between the French model and the German and English models in order to analyse construction education in France through the prism of European practices. To carry out this study, this thesis relies on material archives produced within the framework of teaching (handouts, lecture notes, slides...) and outside this framework (correspondence, administrative files, press articles...) as well as on interviews produced for the thesis with former students and teachers. The combination of these two types of archives makes it possible to reconstitute the teaching studied and its pedagogy.

Antoine Apruzzese

Antoine studied at the ENSA of Lyon where he presented a PFE dealing with the modes of transformation of the industrial heritage of the 20th century. He then went on to study engineering at INSA Lyon and worked on a research project for his final dissertation, which consisted of defining a methodology for improving the transformation of cities to make them more energy efficient from an economic, ecological and social point of view. He then worked in Paris with Parc Architectes and Marc Mimram for 4 years on public facilities projects before joining ATE.

Antoine Apruzzese_portrait

Title of the thesis: Forms and spatialities of experimental democratic practices in contemporary architecture

Thesis director: Caroline Maniaque
Thesis co-director: Darren Robinson (University of Sheffield - School of Architecture)
Laboratory: Architecture Territoire Environnement (ENSA Normandie) / ED 556 HSRT
Funding: Ministry of Culture, BRAUP
Date of 1st thesis registration
: 2021

The thesis will attempt to develop a theoretical and critical analysis of contemporary architecture through the prism of the relationship between political practices and built forms. The research work will attempt to explore: the political and social theories of alternative democracy movements (deliberative, agonistic, contestation...) in order to understand their relationship to constructed space; the discourses of certain architects known for their political commitment in order to apprehend recent architectural productions (post-modern, contemporary) with a critical eye; and finally, the tools of description and computer simulation in relation to the modelling of complexity (multi-agent simulations, space syntax) making it possible to depict and understand certain relationships between space and social and political behaviour. The corpus will consist of a set of contemporary architectural objects chosen for their particular conceptual investment in the design of shared space. These objects will then be observed according to an analysis grid that allows us to understand the particular relationship they have with a political practice of the users.

Camelia Ezzaouini_portrait-2

Camélia Ezzaouini

Camélia Ezzaounin is a graduate of the École nationale supérieure d'architecture de Normandie in 2018. During her studies in architecture, particularly during the implementation of her final year project, she was able to identify a particular interest in the Moroccan vernacular, especially that of Marrakech. In this context, her internship experience with an architecture and urban planning agency based in Marrakech allowed her to establish a first relationship in situ with the context of the Moroccan medina and the different historical layers that constitute it.

Title of the thesis: ESPACES Imbriqués: research on the contemporary interpretation of the vernacular fabric of Morocco.

Thesis director: Arnaud François
Thesis co-supervisor: Laurent Salomon
Attached laboratory: Architecture Territory Environment (ENSA Normandie) / ED 556 HSRT
Funding: Ministry of Culture, BRAUP
Date of 1st thesis registration: 2021

The aim of this thesis is to analyse the typo-morphology of the medina, a vernacular Moroccan fabric dominated by dwellings, in order to identify the possibilities of its adaptation to contemporary environmental, urban and architectural issues. This study combines scientific research and architectural projects around a corpus combining different architectural and urban achievements that have commonly contributed to the highlighting of the constructive, architectural and landscape culture of Morocco. The reflection aims in particular to develop an analysis of the structure of the patio of the traditional garden house and to question new relationships linking architecture to the configuration of the courtyard and garden. The practice of the project at the base of this doctorate comes to support the theoretical and experimental action, and aims to constitute a space of concretization of the architectural language within which the landscape fabric structures the urban space.

Misia Forlen

An architect who graduated from ENSAVT Paris-Est in 2014, Misia Forlen leads projects that combine urban theories and documentary creations, around mobility issues related to migration, work and housing. Her knowledge of these situations is based on an active and comparative survey of mobility situations in both Normandy and Île-de-France, developed within the Échelle Inconnue group: with nomadic nuclear workers in Flamanville, as well as along the Seine axis, between the ports of Gennevilliers and Limay, with mobile scrap metal workers.

Misia Forlen_Portrait

Title of the thesis: HABITER LA ZONE. Issues and representations of the modes of living linked to the mobility of work in the industrial sector: the example of the first French Special Economic Zone (SEZ), in Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine, Normandy.

Thesis supervisor: Arnaud Le Marchand (UMR-CNRS-IDEES Le Havre - Université Le Havre Normandie)
Thesis co-supervisor: Bruno Proth (ATE)
Attached laboratory: UMR-CNRS-IDEES Le Havre / ED 556 HSRT
Funding: Région RADIAN grant
Date of 1st thesis registration: 2020

The aim of this thesis is to analyse the living arrangements of precarious industrial workers, whose residential choices are increasingly subordinated to the constraints of professional flexibility. It is based on the study of Port-Jérôme-sur-Seine, a temporary enclave in the context of industrial work, where the first French Special Economic Zone (SEZ) was set up in February 2018. This singular context makes it possible to question territorial dynamics on several scales, but also the mutations of work and the city. The research is based above all on an empirical field approach, to document little-known situations of residential precariousness that gravitate around employment areas and to explore the capacity of these areas to hold their place locally and to be a place of habitation. It combines theoretical knowledge and a process aimed at creating a space for experimentation and encounters around audiovisual works, existing or to be constructed, present at all stages of the process. These productions are seen as an active process of research and creation.

Vinciane Lebrun / Voyez-Vous

Cristina S. Algarra

Cristina S. Alagarra graduated from the National School of Architecture of the Polytechnic University of Madrid in June 2010. She then completed a post-master's degree in architecture at ENSA Paris-La Villette in 2020: "Rethinking the city through creative experimentation". Cristina has been in charge of projects such as the rehabilitation of the Ministry of Defence in Paris and the Palais de Justice in Béziers. She is also the French coordinating director of the International Festival of Architecture and Design in the Public Space, Concéntrico. She designs urban scenographies and ephemeral installations.

Title of the thesis: The artistic cultural event in the public space, a way of contributing to the making of the city from culture.

Thesis director: Bruno Proth
Thesis co-supervisor: Dominique Dehais
Attaching laboratory: Architecture Territory Environment (ENSA Normandie) / ED 556 HSRT
Funding: Region via the RIN scheme 50% and Metropole of Rouen Normandie
Date of 1st thesis registration: 2021

Event-based events developed in the 1980s in response to the search for new strategies by cities with economies weakened by the industrial crisis and seeking to position themselves globally. In the following decade, the proliferation of studies on the subject gave academic legitimacy to this theme. It was at the beginning of the 21st century that this research took place on several disciplinary fronts and that the place of these 'events' in urban policies only increased. The use of 'event specialists' was thus established.
At the time when these strategies were unveiled, had we not reached the end of this competition for tourist attractiveness through culture? Has this stage of expansion of cultural events not been completed? At a time when academic research is reporting on the ambiguous relationship between art and politics, are we entering the decline of these events? Are we entering the post-cultural era?
The aim of this research is to question the way in which these events have been transformed and used by urban policies which, faced with new crises, are looking for new possibilities.

Miléna Koutani

After obtaining her BAC S with honours in 2013 and a year of hypokhâgne, Miléna graduated with honours from the École nationale supérieure d'architecture de Normandie in 2020. Her dissertation, which was extended as part of the Research Mention, focused on the contemporary reinterpretation of Garden Cities as a model for sustainable cities. In addition to internships at the Conseil Départemental de Seine-Maritime (2016) and at the architecture and urban planning agency Atelier des Deux Anges (2018), Miléna has participated in architectural competitions and illustration exhibitions.

Milena Koutani_Portrait

Title of the thesis: Concept of the Commons and urban alternatives

Thesis Director: Bruno Proth
Attaching laboratory:
Architecture Territory Environment (ENSA Normandie) / ED 556 HSRT
Funding: no funding
Date of 1st thesis registration: 2020

The objective of this thesis project is to evaluate urban alternatives, ranging from the reinterpretation of the Howardian model of Garden Cities to the creation of eco-places. The concept of the Commons will be essential in the evaluation of the proposals and experiments. It will be a question of measuring its implication in architecture and urbanism in the making and will allow us to consider differently resilience, autonomy and sustainability in urban projects.
We will analyze the relationship between space and the transformations underway, linked to environmental, socio-economic and health crises. In short, what was previously considered to be a utopian field can now structure and stimulate urban transformations. Through the study of urban alternatives, this thesis project aims to analyze new forms of mutualist, solidarity and cooperative links. It will seek to answer the following question: in what way can urban alternatives, in which the Common would play a structuring role, respond to the socio-economic, environmental and health issues of the 21st century?

Lenormand Chloé

Chloé Lenormand

A qualified architect since 2021, Chloé worked as an architect on affordable housing in Rwanda, before starting a CIFRE thesis in March 2022, jointly supported by the social landlord Habitat76 and the Architecture Territoire Environnement laboratory of ENSA Normandie. Her research focuses on the potential for architecture of low-carbon thermal renovation, with individual social housing as the object of study.

Title of the thesis: Low carbon renovation: what potential for architecture? The case of individual social housing.

Thesis director: François Fleury
Thesis co-supervisor: Raphaël Labrunye
Attached laboratory: Architecture Territory Environment (ENSA Normandie) / ED 556 HSRT
Funding: Habitat 76, Ministry of Higher Education (via ANRT)
Date of 1st thesis registration: 2022

This research aims to contribute to the development of architectural strategies for intervention projects on existing buildings that are environmentally friendly. The aim is to examine the potential of low-carbon approaches applied to thermal renovations of individual social housing, aimed at improving architectural quality for the benefit of the inhabitant, while remaining as close as possible to the economic and social concerns of the landlord.
This study focuses on individual social housing, thanks to the exploitation of the Habitat76 landlord's heritage data. The methodology used consists in identifying a corpus of dwellings, to operate typo-morphological and constructive relations between them, and to identify the potential of low-carbon renovations in which architecture has a place. The aim is to see how architects can use the concepts of positive energy and negative carbon in the new regulations to give them meaning in terms of architectural quality, by involving, for example, the local and circular economy or the limitation of waste?

Guillaume Nicolas

Guillaume NICOLAS is a qualified architect (DPLG) (2005) and engineer (TPE) (2002). In parallel to his architectural practice, he started teaching in 2015. Since 2020, he is dedicated to teaching and research. Member of the Experimentation field of study, his work focuses on the ecological issues of architecture, whether scholarly or vernacular, at the intersection of technical and social issues.

ENSA Normandie

Title of the thesis: Investigation of the architectural and landscape transformations of the clos-masures by the modernizations of agriculture (1945-2050)

Thesis director: Valéry Didelon
Attaching laboratory: Architecture Territory Environment (ENSA Normandie) / ED 556 HSRT
Funding: no funding (teacher-researcher from ENSAs)
Date of 1st thesis registration:

Farming practices today are at the crossroads of two potentially antagonistic modernizations: the productivist revolution that began in the 1960s and is still at work today, and the necessary ecological revolution to face the challenges of the Anthropocene. The clos-masures, an architectural figure representative of the traditional farms of the Pays de Caux, do not escape this tension. As an economic and ecological object, but also as a heritage site - since they are in the process of being listed by UNESCO -, these Norman farms deserve an investigation to reveal the forces at work in their architectural and landscape transformations. Through an anthropological approach, this research aims to shed light on the links between agriculture and architecture and to explore the conditions of a contemporary path to peasant practices.


Léna Tullifer

Léna Tullifer is an architect graduated from ENSA Normandie in 2021. She worked at the ATE research laboratory, for the writing of a summary sheet on the impacts of climate change on urban planning in the Rouen Normandy Metropolis, for the local IPCC. She continued as a research fellow for the ARCHI-ADAPT project, which aims to understand the vulnerability of architecture to heat waves.


Thesis title: Territorial strategies of mitigating adaptation of the built environment to climate change. Application on the Rouen Normandy Metropolis.

Thesis director: François Fleury
Thesis co-supervisor: Noura Arab
Attached laboratory: Architecture Territory Environment (ENSA Normandie) / ED 556 HSRT
Funding: Ministry of Culture, BRAUP
Date of 1st thesis registration: 2023

The objective of this thesis project is to contribute to the production of the knowledge necessary to develop, implement and evaluate strategies for adapting buildings to climate change.
Considering mitigating adaptation rather than only hazard mitigation changes the perspective and forces to concretely integrate a set of new issues, whether it is to evaluate the cost of non-adaptation, to consider crisis management scenarios, or to better take into account the summer heat. From a more philosophical point of view, the confrontation with the necessity of adaptation shakes society deeply, which must now protect itself as much as the environment, and this in an urgent way. We can thus think that many hierarchies of values will be called into question, opening up new doctrines of public action.