Semester 3

Architecture Project workshop

Semester Leaders: Hala Alloujami Guillaume Nicolas
Hala Alloujami
Guillaume Nicolas

S03-AR-1-1: Project Workshop: Building Commonality in the Community

Responsible for : Hala AlloujamiGuillaume Nicolas
Guillaume Duranel
Hala Alloujami
Guillaume Nicolas
Nathalie Hebert
To approach complexity in architecture, by conceiving an architecture at the crossroads of three questions:
1- a project site envisaged in its broad vision, from the angle of the environment, that is to say in a material and socio-cultural dimension (cf. project theory course) and which engages the students in an objective and subjective, descriptive and prospective reading
2- programming in relation to the environment: rather than a facility with fixed uses, a commonplace place, in the sense of "which is common, which is available to everyone" (CNRTL), and which therefore has a political scope
3- the art of building and constructive thought as the driving forces of the project, considered from the point of view of materiality (implementation and plastic quality) and of the medium range
... and at the crossroads of three scales: the great landscape, the architectural space, the material implemented.
The teaching of the project workshop is pedagogically constructed in close connection with the 3 courses of the UE 2. It is punctuated in 2 sequences, interspersed between the 3 intensive courses of the UE 2:
- sequence 1: space, environment and uses (5 sessions)
(between the intensive "environment" and the intensive "resources")
- sequence 2 : space and constructive thinking (5 sessions)
(between the "resources" intensive and the "building" intensive)
In order to weave links between these different teachings, each sequence begins with a day of restitution of the intensive of the preceding EU 2.
In order to dialecticize the spatial and constructive questions and to test their relative autonomy, the organization of the project workshop stages their separation in sequence 1 - where the constructive question is voluntarily absent - and then their meeting in sequence 2 - where constructive thought becomes central in order to erect architecture as an art of building.

Project site and program
In a large perimeter of the Aubette valley, which they have explored, studied and prospected during the "environment" intensive of UE 2, the students choose their project site and argue this choice in order to establish and found a common place whose content they must specify in terms of use.
The spatial program is on the other hand the same for all and defined by three typologies: a large horizontal covered space, a large sloping space, a series of medium and small spaces - the whole making a surface of about 1500-2000 m² (including distribution and services).
Particular attention is also paid to the exterior spaces and their definition in terms of landscape, uses and materials.

In order to build an architectural culture and to learn how to mobilize it in the service of architectural design, the teaching will be based on the analysis of a remarkable building, chosen by the students from a library of cross-sectional devices proposed by the teachers.
Evaluation method
Each of the two sequences ends with an evaluation that takes into account
- regular participation during the sessions
- the intensity and quality of the work carried out continuously (recorded in a project notebook)
- the quality of the project and its formulation at the end of the sequence.
The development of the project during phase 1 will be carried out individually. It may be carried out in pairs of students for phase 2.
The mark for phase 1 counts for 40% of the final evaluation.
The mark for phase 2 counts for 60% of the final evaluation.
Work required
Participation in weekly workshop sessions.
Rendering of sketches, models and drawings according to the schedule.
Graphic and oral presentations, during the internal or collective presentation sessions of the studio.
For the rendering of each sequence, the students present the different scales of the project while highlighting the coherence of the whole. They are free to produce any other document, film, collage, ... useful to the good understanding of their project.
In order to give an account of their progress and to carry out a work of self-criticism, the students constitute a notebook in A3+ format in which will be consigned all their intermediate works.
Lectures : 0.00
Tutorial : 0.00
ECTS credit

S03-AR-1-2: Architecture and environment: physical determinisms and cultural reasons

Responsible for : Guillaume Nicolas
Guillaume Nicolas
In the current context of global warming and the scarcity of material resources mobilized by the building industry, to acquire architectural references and conceptual tools to anchor the project locally, in its environment. This anchoring is envisaged in a double dimension:
- both physical determinisms: geology and climate which impose their constraints and offer their bio and geo-sourced resources
- and cultural reasons that mobilize or preserve these resources, that shape them and give them meaning.
The corpus studied during the course consists of two voices:
1. vernacular architectures, in their material and cultural relationship to the environment
2. scholarly architectural approaches, on the vernacular on the one hand, and on post-modern theories of the relationship to place (Norberg-Schulz, Kenneth Frampton) on the other
The two voices run in parallel, sometimes with immediate links (for example, the typological question and Norman vernacular architecture), sometimes in resonances that will take place throughout the semester.

Each session, lasting 2 hours, presents the two voices:
vernacular architecture: AV // scholarly approach: AS

1. introduction: problematization of the relationship to place (ecological, social and architectural crises) and the links between scholarly and vernacular architecture
2. Cave dwelling VA // SA on VA - climatic determinism
3. VA materials // SAs on VA - economic determinism
4. relationship to the sky (roofs) of the VA - part 1 // SAs on the VA - cultural possibility
5. the VA's relationship to the sky (roofs) - part 2 // the VerSus research program
6. the VA's relationship to the ground // the genius of place 1
7. VA's relationship to water // genius of place 2
8. the relationship to fire in the VA // the genius of place 3
9. the relationship to the VA's openings // critical regionalism
10. Norman VA // the typological question
Evaluation method
Production of a file deepening an architecture in connection with its environment, to be realized continuously during the semester.
See specific document for the form and content of the file
Work required
Mandatory attendance at class and taking of written and drawn notes.
Choice of a vernacular architecture to be analyzed in the in-depth file.
Progressive reinvestment of the notions seen in class in the in-depth file.
Submission of the in-depth file on the set date.
Lectures : 20.00
Tutorial : 0.00
ECTS credit