Semester 4

Architecture Independent teaching

Semester leaders: Luc Perrot Francois Hugues Pascal Filatre Marie Gaimard Richard Brady Zelda Vose
Luc Perrot
Francois Hugues
Pascal Filatre
Marie Gaimard

S04-AR-3-1: Plastic and visual arts

Responsible for : Luc PerrotFrancois Hugues
Jérome Le Goff
Kacha Legrand
The objectives of this course are to explore and practice the relationship between body, space and sound.
This teaching is built in several sequences:

- From an attentive and fine listening of their daily life, the students will document their familiar sound environments, by taking samples. They will try to draw and qualify these different ambiences crossed during their day;

- This inventory will serve as a data bank for the composition of sound pieces. These pieces are not the story or the sound replica of their personal universe but the experimentation of the notions of writing, composition, structure, theme, color, mixing, rhythm, speed, duration, ... all this from a re-interrogation and a re-reading of the sound materials of their daily life;

- In a last time, a visual, spatial and corporal research will come to constitute the image band of this sound composition; to play with its body, spaces and sounds. It will not be a question here of illustrating but of accompanying and sublimating the sound by a work of shooting and editing. This video will give an account of the relations and tensions between :
- sound, image and movement ;
- sound, body and space ;
- sound, rhythm and editing ;
- etc.

To elaborate all the compositions, made from a database of sounds recorded at the home of each student and its periphery, a graphic work will accompany in parallel the audio-visual researches and will allow to invent a writing, to imagine how to draw an original score respecting movements, pitches, intensities, rhythms, caesuras... but also silences.
This will give rise to an exploration of tools, gestures, colors, materials and textures, symbols, the use of Indian ink, graphite, paint, torn or cut paper, collage ...

This sound production allows for the manipulation of mechanical instruments as well as electronic or digital instruments, but also any object, existing or created, that produces a sound. The student will have to seize all these material and technical means to build his practice, produce his sounds and elaborate his proposals.

At each session, a set of works, sound pieces, experimental compositions, modern and contemporary musical productions, noisy poems and other proposals will be the object of attentive listening and analysis.

There is no prerequisite for the student to participate in this course, except the desire to discover and manipulate an unusual material.
Evaluation method
Evaluation is based on continuous assessment (attendance and commitment of the student throughout the semester) and on the successful completion of the various assignments.
Work required
Sound pieces
Photographic works
Video editing
Putting the productions in space
Lectures : 0.00
Tutorials : 44.00
ECTS credit

S04-AR-3-2: History of construction History of cities

Responsible for : Pascal FilatreMarie Gaimard
Pascal Filatre
Marie Gaimard
The aim of the course is to learn the reasons for the creation and transformation of cities through the study of different types of fabrics and roads, to decipher them on maps, photos, and in situ. In the majority of civilizations and eras, the creation and growth of cities has followed similar patterns. We will thus study the specific problems of city building, the transformations and extensions chosen or undergone over time and the permanence of the layouts. Each session will focus on a theme that takes up the major theories and examples taken over the long term and internationally.

From March 22 / The transformation of the existing: history, practices, legacies [Marie Gaimard]

This history course is designed to provide students with elements of knowledge as well as avenues of reflection that will nourish their practice, their thinking, and their imagination.
In their professional lives, all architects can and will be solicited for a project involving intervention on the built environment - whether it be renovation, safeguarding, restoration, reconversion or extension... Destruction is also present in this approach: what we want to modify often implies a choice of at least partial destruction.
This type of action is often perceived today as being related to heritage and/or ecological concerns. The emergence of the notion of heritage during the 19th century has marked the taking of positions: from reinvention to critical restoration, discourses and doctrines agree, confront or influence each other.
But "Building in the built is not a new practice" as Franz Graf reminds us. Indeed, taking into account the existing is part of the act of building since antiquity. Slipping or reallocating uses, (re)appropriating sites and buildings, renovating, restoring or rehabilitating, reusing or recycling, wrapping old buildings in new ones... There is no shortage of examples, whether we study the Temple of Athena in Syracuse (Sicily, Italy) transformed into a Christian church, the Palace of Versailles, which has been the object of several daring reassemblies, or the High Line, a former railroad that has become one of New York's most popular urban walks.
Nowadays, the depletion of resources, the accumulation of waste and urban sprawl have led to a great deal of research on the part of those involved in architecture and construction: the circular economy, reuse, recycling of materials, conversion of buildings, etc. The aim is to present some of these initiatives and to trace their genealogy. The history of reuse will be the subject of particular attention. If they are interesting to study in themselves, pragmatism and "making do" are not the only explanations for this practice, which is several thousand years old. We can analyze the underlying discourses and theories, motivated by philosophical, religious or political convictions, which allow us to interpret reuse as an act of remembrance, vandalism, or a desire to appropriate.
Finally, some sessions may be the occasion to give the floor to specialized teachers and to offer time for exchanges and points of view.
- Introduction (origin, settlement, permanence)
- The city by elements (cult, politics, trade, protection)
- The organic city (ancient cities, Middle Ages)
- The planned city (the grid, the ideal city)
- Extensions (free growth of the suburb, planned extensions, working class housing estates...)
- Urban renewal (breakthroughs, monumental projects)
- Infrastructure (water supply, sewers, railroads...)
- Regulation

from March 22 / The transformation of the existing: history, practices, legacies [Marie Gaimard] * A building, how many lives?

* One building, how many lives?
* From spolia to recuperation. A history of reuse in architecture
* The industrial heritage: a matter of project
* Theories of restoration
Evaluation method
Final exam (course questions, written and drawn comments and analysis)

from March 22 / The transformation of the existing : history, practices, legacies [Marie Gaimard]
Lectures : 8.00
Tutorial : 0.00
ECTS credit

S04-AR-3-3: Languages

Leaders : Richard BradyZelda Vose
Kerry Thornton
Richard Brady
Zelda Vose
Prepare students for the TOEIC (Test of English for International Communication).
In S4, students will perform the following tasks:
1. Review the 7 parts of the TOIEC test,
2. Take mock TOIEC tests,
3. Learn TOIEC test tactics to help them improve their TOIEC test scores,
4. Analyze each part of the TOIEC test to understand how it is designed,
5. Review business vocabulary (from office furniture to invoices),
6. Review English grammar from CEFR levels A1 to B2 (from simple present tense to phrasal verbs and future perfect).
Evaluation method
Students will be evaluated on the following:
1. Attendance and participation (+ 2 points);
2. TOIEC 'interactive' test score.
Work required
1. Communicate, in writing and orally, with other students,
2. Participate in group exercises,
3. Read and listen to TOIEC training material
4. Designing TOIEC questions and texts for other students,
5. Practice and train their test time management skills
6. Improve their understanding of the TOIEC test
7. Complete grammar and vocabulary exercises and quizzes.
8. Practice on the TOIEC test material
Lectures : 0.00
Tutorial : 19.00
ECTS credit